The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The reason given is: Mismatch between Lead and rest of article content. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. The term is also used to mean automated trading system.
These do indeed have the goal of making a profit. Also known as black box trading, these encompass trading strategies that are heavily reliant on complex mathematical formulas and high-speed computer programs. Such systems run strategies including market making, inter-market spreading, arbitrage, or pure speculation such as trend following. A third of all European Union and United States stock trades in 2006 were driven by automatic programs, or algorithms.
Algorithmic trading and HFT have been the subject of much public debate since the U. In practice this means that all program trades are entered with the aid of a computer. NYSE matched against the futures trade. Yet the impact of computer driven trading on stock market crashes is unclear and widely discussed in the academic community. Financial markets with fully electronic execution and similar electronic communication networks developed in the late 1980s and 1990s. This increased market liquidity led to institutional traders splitting up orders according to computer algorithms so they could execute orders at a better average price. The trading that existed down the centuries has died.